EU Relations with China

G20 Summit, Brisbane 2014: bilateral meeting between Jean-Claude JUNCKER, President of the EC, and XI Jinping, Chinese PresidentG20 Summit, Brisbane 2014: bilateral meeting between Jean-Claude JUNCKER, President of the EC, and XI Jinping, Chinese President

Strategic Partnership

The EU-China Strategic Partnership, which is based on the 1985 EU China trade and cooperation agreement, has grown to include foreign affairs, security matters and international challenges such as climate change and global economy governance.

The EU-China Strategic 2020 Agenda pdf - 82 KB [82 KB] for Cooperation agreed at the EU-China Summit in 2013 is the guiding document of EU-China relations.

The EU and China are world players. The EU is China’s biggest trading partner, while China is the EU’s largest source of imports and 2nd largest two way trading partner. The trade and investment relationship is a major source of wealth, jobs, development and innovation for both sides.

Summits and dialogue

The issues that the EU and China discuss during their regular meetings are organised around 3 'pillars': political dialogue, economic and sectoral dialogue and people to people dialogue.

Human rights are discussed as part of the regular political dialogues and – since 1995 – during specific human rights dialogues.

There are annual summits and  over 60 high level and senior officials dialogues on topics including industrial policy, education, customs, social affairs, nuclear energy and consumer protection.