Central America

The EU and the 6 Central American countries (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama) enjoy a comprehensive relationship that encompasses political dialogue, cooperation and a favorable trade regime.

The San José Dialogue, which was launched in 1984, forms the cornerstone of the EU-Central American relations. Its objective was to seek solutions to the armed conflicts by means of negotiations. Since then, the EU has made a significant contribution to the peace, the democratization process and the socio-economic development of Central America. The EU has always supported regional integration in Central America, bearing in mind its particularities and multiple expressions. The two regions have concluded the 1993 EU-Central America Framework Cooperation Agreement and the Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement [105 KB] signed in 2003.

In June 2007 negotiations were launched for an Association Agreement between the EU and Central America (CA). EU-Central America Association Agreement negotiations were concluded in 2010, during the EU-LAC Summit in Madrid. They included Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Honduras (Panama joined the talks as full member at the end of the process).

The resulting far-reaching agreement, which includes all aspects of our relationship (political dialogue, cooperation, and a free-trade area), will further cement our ties. Indeed, this is the first region-to-region agreement to be concluded by the European Union. The Association Agreement will be instrumental in giving a boost to regional integration, consolidating democracy, and improving the security situation in Central America.

The Association Agreement was initialled in Brussels in March 2011. Since then, the Parties have been working to bring the text through the various steps of our respective legislative processes, with a view to ratification and entry into force on both sides.

The Agreement was signed in Honduras in June 2012 (see Press release), including therein a provisional application of the trade part, to enter into force immediately after the European Parliament consent, given on 11 December 2012. Central American countries, for their part, have no manner of provisionally applying the trade provisions. Once signed, they will go for its full ratification.

The Regional Strategy Paper 2007-2013 pdf - 491 KB [491 KB] Deutsch (de) español (es) français (fr)  confirms the EU as a leading donor of official development aid to the Central American region.

Mid-Term Review of the Regional Strategy Paper 2007-2013 for Central America [23 KB] and the Regional Indicative Programme 2011-2013 for Central America [92 KB]


News and Press ReleasesRSS

  • 25/03/2015
    Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini following her visit to Cuba Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini following her visit to Cuba <p>I have started by meeting this morning with the Cardinal Ortega, with whom we discussed not only the role of the Church in Cuba but also the diplomatic efforts of the Catholic Church in the region. I followed the day with a meeting with two economic Ministers: Minister Malmierca, with whom we discussed in particular our trade relations, our cooperation and foreign investments, and with Minister Murillo with whom we discussed the implementation of the guidelines – the "lineamentos" – and how to strengthen EU-Cuba relations in this process. I then had a meeting with the President of the national assembly, Mr Lazo, and a long meeting with my counterpart, Minister Rodríguez whom I already had the chance of meeting officially in January in Costa Rica during the CELAC summit. On that occasion, in San José, I also had the chance of meeting President Raúl Castro. He invited me to visit Cuba and I had again today the pleasure of a long and interesting meeting with him: we had a t</p> 03/25/2015 15:20:03 03/25/2015 15:20:03 03/25/2015 15:20:03 03/01/2017 15:20:03 2015032515 090126248ee0febe N 090126248ee0febe /statements-eeas/2015/150325_04_en.htm 7262 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150325_04_en.htm 1 /statements-eeas/2015/150325_04_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150325_04_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini following her visit to Cuba
  • 30/01/2015
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the execution of Robert Ladd in the US State of Texas Statement by the Spokesperson on the execution of Robert Ladd in the US State of Texas <p>The execution by the US State of Texas, on 29 January 2015, of Robert Charles Ladd, in spite of the evidence that he was affected by an intellectual disability, is contrary to international human rights law.</p> 01/30/2015 18:08:42 01/30/2015 18:08:42 01/30/2015 18:08:42 01/06/2017 18:08:42 2015013018 090126248e352875 N 090126248e352875 /statements-eeas/2015/150130_03_en.htm 9488 xml Y /statements-eeas/2015/150130_03_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2015/150130_03_en.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150130_03_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2015/150130_03_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the execution of Robert Ladd in the US State of Texas
  • 30/11/2014
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the release of Brigadier General Alzate and two other persons detained by the FARC Statement by the Spokesperson on the release of Brigadier General Alzate and two other persons detained by the FARC <p>The release by the FARC of Brigadier General Alzate and of two other detainees is a welcome development and should allow for the early resumption of the negotiations between the Government of Colombia and the FARC in Havana.</p> 11/30/2014 00:00:00 11/30/2014 00:00:00 11/30/2014 00:00:00 11/06/2016 00:00:00 2014113000 090126248d8c4837 N 090126248d8c4837 /statements-eeas/2014/141130_01_en.htm 10678 xml Y /statements-eeas/2014/141130_01_en.htm 2 /statements-eeas/2014/141130_01_en.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141130_01_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141130_01_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    Statement by the Spokesperson on the release of Brigadier General Alzate and two other persons detained by the FARC
  • 20/11/2014
    The EU strengthens regional cooperation with Latin America The EU strengthens regional cooperation with Latin America 11/20/2014 12:03:30 11/20/2014 12:03:30 11/20/2014 12:03:30 11/08/2015 12:03:30 2014112012 090126248d752636 N 090126248dc88103 /statements-eeas/2014/141120_01_en.htm 14069 xml Y /statements-eeas/2014/141120_01_en.htm 4 /statements-eeas/2014/141120_01_en.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141120_01_es.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141120_01_fr.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141120_01_pt.htm /statements-eeas/2014/141120_01_zz.htm N ID_INTERNAL N N
    The EU strengthens regional cooperation with Latin America
  • 05/11/2014
    349 57255 1 _blank The EU allocates € 925 million to regional cooperation with Latin America over the period 2014-2020 The EU allocates € 925 million to regional cooperation with Latin America over the period 2014-2020 /lac/docs/141105-visibility-event_en.pdf 11/05/2014 00:00:00 11/05/2014 00:00:00 11/05/2014 00:00:00 nulldate 2014110500 090126248dc609ce N 090126248dca12a3 /lac/docs/141105-visibility-event_en.pdf 216704 pdf Y /lac/docs/141105-visibility-event_en.pdf 3 /lac/docs/141105-visibility-event_en.pdf /lac/docs/141105-visibility-event_es.pdf /lac/docs/141105-visibility-event_pt.pdf /lac/docs/141105-visibility-event_zz.pdf N ID_INTERNAL N N
    The EU allocates € 925 million to regional cooperation with Latin America over the period 2014-2020 pdf - 212 KB [212 KB] español (es) português (pt)

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