The European Union (EU) currently has seven Special Representatives (EUSRs) in different countries and regions of the world. The EUSRs promote the EU's policies and interests in troubled regions and countries and play an active role in efforts to consolidate peace, stability and the rule of law.
The EUSRs support the work of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR), in the regions concerned. They play an important role in the development of a stronger and more effective EU Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and in the Union's efforts to become a more effective, more coherent and more capable actor on the world stage. They provide the EU with an active political presence in key countries and regions, acting as a “voice” and “face” for the EU and its policies.
The seven EUSRs cover the following countries or regions: Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, the South Caucasus and the crisis in Georgia, Horn of Africa, Human Rights and the Sahel.
Mr Alexander Rondos was appointed European Union Special Representative for the Horn of Africa on 1 January 2012. His mandate runs until the 31st October 2014. The mandate of the EUST shall be based on the policy objectives of the European Union in relation to the Horn of Africa to contribute actively to regional and international efforts to achieve lasting peace, security and development in the region. The EUSR shall furthermore aim to enhance the quality, intensity and impact of the EU’s multifaceted engagement in the Horn of Africa.
Mr Samuel Žbogar was appointed European Union Special Representative for Kosovo on 25 February 2012. His mandate runs until 30 June 2013. In order to achieve the policy objectives, the mandate includes the task of offering the EU’s advice and support in the political process and promote overall Union political coordination in Kosovo.
Mr Stavros Lambrinidis was appointed as EU Special Representative (EUSR) for Human Rights on 25 July 2012. His mandate runs until 28 February 2017. His role is to enhance the effectiveness and visibility of EU human rights policy. He has a broad, flexible mandate, giving him the ability to adapt to circumstances, and he works closely with the European External Action Service, which provides him with full support. Mr Lambrinidis is the EU's first thematic Special Representative. His appointment follows the adoption on 25 June 2012 of the EU's Strategic Framework and Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy.
Mr Franz-Michael Skjold Mellbin was appointed EU Special Representative (EUSR) in Afghanistan as of 1 September 2013. He was until recently Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Denmark and former Danish Ambassador to Afghanistan. His mandate, which initially runs until 28 February 2015, is to promote EU policy objectives in Afghanistan. These include contributing to the implementation of the EU-Afghanistan Joint Declaration; leading the implementation of the EU Action Plan on Afghanistan and Pakistan, in so far as it concerns Afghanistan, thereby working with EU Member States’ representatives in Afghanistan; and supporting the pivotal role played by the United Nations (UN) in Afghanistan with particular emphasis on contributing to better coordinated international assistance.
Mr Peter Sørensen was appointed EU Special Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina on 18 July 2011. His mandate, which runs from 1 September 2011 until 30 June 2015, is based on the following policy objectives of the Union in BiH: continued progress in the Stabilisation and Association Process, with the aim of a stable, viable, peaceful and multiethnic and united BiH, cooperating peacefully with its neighbours and irreversibly on track towards membership of the Union. The Union will also continue to support the implementation of the General Framework Agreement for Peace (GFAP) in BiH.
Ambassador Herbert Salber was appointed as EU Special Representative for the South Caucasus and the crisis in Georgia on 8 July 2014. His task is to contribute to a peaceful settlement of conflicts in the region, including the crisis in Georgia and the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, as well as to encourage regional cooperation. In particular, the Special Representative co-chairs and participates on behal of the EU in the Geneva International Discussions on the consequences of the 2008 conflict in Georgia. The term of Ambassador Salber as EU Special Representative initially runs until 28 February 2015.
Mr Bernardino León was appointed EU Special Representative for the Southern Mediterranean region on 18 July 2011. His mandate, which runs runs until 30 of June 2014, is based on the policy objectives of the Union regarding Southern Neighbourhood. Those objectives include enhancing the Union’s political dialogue, contributing to the partnership and broader relationship with the countries of the Southern Mediterranean region; contributing to the response of the Union to the developments in the countries of the Southern Mediterranean region and, in particular, to strengthening democracy and institution building, the rule of law, good governance, respect for Human Rights and fundamental freedoms, peace and regional cooperation, including through the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Union for the Mediterranean; enhancing the European Union’s effectiveness, presence and visibility in the region and in relevant international forums. Establishing close coordination with relevant local partners and international and regional organisations such as the African Union, the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, the League of Arab States and the United Nations.
Michel Dominique Reveyrand-de Menthon is appointed as the EUSR for the Sahel until 28 February 2015. Mr Reveyrand-de Menthon will lead the EU's contribution to regional and international efforts for lasting peace, security and development in the Sahel. He will also coordinate the EU's comprehensive approach to the regional crisis, on the basis of the EU Strategy for Security and Development in the