At the invitation of the Government of Malawi, the European Union established a mission to observe the presidential and parliamentary elections there on 19 May 2009.
During the campaign period, a number of problems exposed structural and regulatory weaknesses. The mission was headed by Chief Observer Luisa Morgantini, an Italian member and vice-president of the European Parliament.
The observers were deployed throughout the country. They met government and electoral officials, candidates and political parties, civil society representatives and the media.