Non-agricultural market access

In negotiations on non-agricultural market access (NAMA), which cover the  industrial goods sector, fish and fish products as well as petroleum products and minerals, the EU aims to create significant new trade flows by cutting barriers to trade related to both tariffs and non-tariff barriers. We seek the elimination or reduction of such barriers in both developed countries and the growing emerging economies such as China, Brazil and India. These negotiations are of crucial importance to all WTO Members since the very large majority of world trade is in industrial goods – almost 90% (about € 36 trillion in 2012) of goods exported and imported around the globe are industrial goods, the rest being agriculture products. This also the case for the EU and other industrialised countries as well as for most developing countries. While tariffs have since the Uruguay Round generally been coming down, they still remain as an important barrier in many countries and this is in particular the case for the trade flows that are growing the most, i.e. those between developing countries. The EU supports an ambitious overall approach to tariff reduction. The EU attaches equal importance to removing and reducing non-tariff barriers (NTBs) which arise, for example, when countries apply different technical standards and regulations. The EU has made several proposals either by itself or together with other WTO Members, to remove or reduce such barriers, for example, in relation to automobiles and electrical products (see state of play of DDA non-agricultural market access negotiations).

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