Political framework

The political framework of EU-Ukraine relations is provided by the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP).

The political dialogue is conducted on a regular basis at the level of Summits, Co-operation Councils, Ministerial and Political Directors’ meetings in the Troika format.

The ENP was launched by the EU following the round of the EU enlargement in 2004 in order to offset the exclusion effects of the enlargement on its close neighbours, in particular on the Eastern border.

The current ‘working and guiding tool’ of the ENP is a jointly agreed EU-UA Action PlanAll available translations. which defines a set of priorities for domestic reform agenda in the following key areas: political dialogue and reform; trade and measures preparing the partner country for gradually obtaining a stake in the EU’s Internal Market; justice and home affairs; energy, transport, information society, environment and research and innovation; as well as social policy and people-to-people contacts.

The three-year EU-Ukraine Action Plan (ENP AP) was jointly adopted on 21 February 2005 for a period of three years. In the beginning of 2008 it was extended until March 2009. The ENP AP will be replaced by a new practical instrument which is currently being negotiated.

Since 2005 the EC has published three progress reports on the implementation of ENP Action Plans including the EU-UA ENP AP (http://ec.europa.eu/world/enp/pdf/progress2009/sec09_515_en.pdfAll available translations. , http://ec.europa.eu/world/enp/pdf/progress2008/sec08_402_en.pdfAll available translations. , http://ec.europa.eu/world/enp/pdf/sec06_1505-2_en.pdfAll available translations. ).

The need to better tailor the ENP to Eastern neighbours is reflected in a number of complementary political initiatives launched by the EU:

- Strengthened ENP

- Black Sea Synergy

- Eastern Partnership