The EU’s strategic objectives are defined in the framework for EU co-operation with Central Asia partners namely, the European Union Strategy for a New Partnership with the countries of Central Asia and its Implementation Review and outline for Future Orientations, as adopted by the European Council in June 2012 and in the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) signed between the EU and the Government of Tajikistan in 2004 and effective as of 1 January 2010. EU assistance focuses in particular on support for democratic development and good governance, regulatory reform, institutional development and administrative capacity building, and infrastructure development.

The total value of EC assistance disbursed in Tajikistan since 1992 is estimated at over EUR 750 million. Past assistance initially focused on humanitarian aid (ECHO), then on technical assistance (TACIS) to the government in key transition areas, in favour of rural development and poverty reduction with NGO partners, as well as through the border management and drug control programmes (BOMCA/CADAP), and complemented by the European Initiative for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR). For the past eight years, assistance has increasingly been through combined budget support and technical assistance, first under the Exceptional Financial Assistance (EFA) and Food Security Programme (FSP), and now through the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI).

The overall EU co-operation objectives, policy responses and priority fields for Tajikistan can be found in the newly adopted EU Country Strategy Paper for Tajikistan 2014-2020 pdf - 916 KB [916 KB] , which foresees a commitment of EUR 251 million over the period, and the Multi-annual Indicative Programme 2014-2020 , equivalent to an average annual budget of EUR 35 million. Poverty reduction and alleviation remains the overall objective to be achieved, while the EU's cooperation with Tajikistan during this period will focus mainly on rural development, health and education, though bilateral assistance will continue to be provided within the public financial management, private sector development and trade, and social protection sectors.

In addition to the assistance under the DCI, Tajikistan participates in several ongoing regional and thematic programmes, in areas like border management and drug control (BOMCA/CADAP/Heroine Route Programme), education (TEMPUS, CAREN & Erasmus+), water/environment and nuclear safety (IFCA, EURECA, INSC), human rights and democracy (EIDHR), strengthening civil society (Non-State Actors) and the rule of law, SME development (IFCA & CA-Invest), energy (IFCA & INOGATE), transport (TRACECA), and peace and stability (Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace).