World Humanitarian Day (20/08/2015)
WORLD HUMANITARIAN DAY
The European Union is committed to protecting humanitarian workers and - every year - supports the World Humanitarian Day. 19 August marks the day in 2003 when 22 humanitarians died in the bombing of the UN Headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq. It is a day to honour the brave men and women who risk their lives while they provide help to people who suffer and to draw attention to the increasing dangers faced by humanitarian workers.
An Alarming Trend
In 2014, 329 aid workers were victims of violent attacks, more than one third of whom were killed. National humanitarians are most at risk; in 2014, the majority of the victims of attacks were men and women from the affected countries. Whilst there was a year-on-year reduction of attacks on aid workers from 2013 to 2014, this does not mean that the world has become a safer place. Attacks in 2014 declined, because with the volatile security situation fewer aid workers could be deployed to conflict areas. Without unhindered and safe access to victims, life-saving assistance cannot be delivered.
Attacks against humanitarian personnel are a violation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL). The law is binding on all state and non-state actors in a conflict. It sets out their responsibilities regarding the protection of civilians and humanitarian workers, the protection of vulnerable groups such as refugees, women and children and the right of civilians in need of humanitarian assistance.
The European Union vigorously promotes respect of IHL through advocacy and humanitarian funding to ensure humanitarian access. The EU also finances training in IHL to civilian and military personnel engaged in EU crisis management operations.
Europe's Humanitarian Record
Europe has a long and proud tradition of humanitarian service. It is the birthplace of many of the world's prominent relief organisations. The European Union as a whole has provided humanitarian aid for more than 40 years and is, together with its Member States, today the world's largest donor of humanitarian aid. European solidarity has the overwhelming support of the citizens: nine out of ten Europeans say that it is important that the EU funds humanitarian aid according to the most recent Eurobarometer survey.
In 2014, the European Commission helped 121 million victims of natural and man-made disasters across more than 80 countries through its Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO). This was achieved with less than 1% of the total EU annual budget – just over €2 per EU citizen. The EU continues to assist the most vulnerable, including the victims of the conflicts in Syria, Central African Republic, South Sudan and Ukraine, the survivors of natural disasters in Asia or those affected by the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. EU humanitarian aid is delivered in partnership with more than 200 humanitarian organisations, including non-governmental and international organizations, the United Nations and the Red Cross family. EU assistance is solely based on needs and founded in the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence.
A Historic Opportunity
On 23 and 24 May 2016, the humanitarian community will meet in Istanbul for the first-ever World Humanitarian Summit. It is a historic opportunity to find ways to better tackle humanitarian needs in a fast-changing world. It will be the occasion to increase effectiveness of humanitarian work and to better manage risks for humanitarian workers. It is also an occasion to reaffirm the European Union's commitment to alleviate human suffering and to stand with the people affected by conflicts and crises across the world. As the world's leading humanitarian donor, the EU has a decisive role to play.
A brief about the DIPECHO disaster risk reduction projects in Mozambique and their positive impact during the 2015 floods:
The floods affecting Zambezia province last January and February and the rains in early March 2015 in the Nampula province registered the highest emergency levels in the last 50 years, resulting to significant damages in the region. However, the consortium of 5 organizations is happy to report some noticeable progress and positive practices and impacts resulting from the DIPECHO interventions during the past years in these regions. Information sharing and the quality of cooperation had significantly increased in the response to the floods. Training on risk management and emergency response given by the different stakeholders to the Disaster Risk Management Committees (CLGRC) also showed positive results in practice, and trainings on “shelter kits and how to build an emergency shelter” as well as the standardization of shelter kits resulted functional practices. The existence of an organizational structure and the early warning mechanism worked smoothly, as information on the floods arrived on time in the communities. The evacuation routes (bridges over water rivers) built through Welthungerhilfe were used during the emergency facilitating the exit from the lowlands to the highlands, and they helped to avoid the loss of human lives. The viability of collective emergency shelters was also proven and the techniques of Conservation Agriculture were geared to help crops survive.
Additionally in post-emergency of the 2015 floods, EU through ECHO financed emergency and recovery programmes to the tune of 2,100,000 EUR.
For further information
Website of the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (ECHO):
Website of the European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides:
Solidarity in Action:
Aid Worker Security Database:
European Year for Development: