Legal framework

Since 1999 the legal framework of EU-Kazakhstan bilateral relations has been provided by the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) pdf - 225 KB [225 KB] русский язык (ru) . The PCA was signed in 1995 and came into force in 1999. Similar to other agreements offered by the EU to former USSR countries, the PCA with Kazakhstan provided a framework for political dialogue; it set the principal common objectives in terms of promotion of trade and investment, sustainable development, economic, social, financial, civil, scientific, technological and cultural cooperation, legal approximation and support for Kazakhstan's efforts to consolidate its democracy, to develop its economy and to complete its transition to a market economy.

The launch of the negotiations for a new enhanced agreement between the EU and Kazakhstan took place on 27 June 2011 in Brussels, which is to be the successor agreement to the PCA of 1999 and will correspond better to the state of the constantly developing relations.

There are also two Memorandums of Understanding, establishing the basis for extended cooperation:

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