The EU is the world’s largest donor of humanitarian aid. It provides more than 50% of all assistance worldwide to crisis zones, countries facing post-conflict instability and countries dealing with “forgotten crises”.
Based on international humanitarian principles and as set out in the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid, the EU provides needs-based assistance which is channelled impartially to the affected populations, regardless of their race, ethnic group, religion, gender, age, nationality or political affiliation. Assistance includes food and nutrition, shelter, healthcare, water and sanitation. The EU works with international organisations and humanitarian NGOs to deliver this aid and provides assistance to all major crisis zones around the world including Syria, South Sudan, and the Central African Republic, as well as countries facing post-conflict instability, such as Côte d’Ivoire.
The EU's Directorate General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (DG ECHO) is responsible for the implementation, operation and delivery of humanitarian aid and civil protection.
EU-Japan cooperation on disaster management and humanitarian assistance
EU-Japan cooperation, built on earlier talks and the relationship developed following the Great East Japan Disaster in March 2011, led to agreement in 2013 on a formal basis for cooperation between Japan and the EU in a broad spectrum of disaster risk reduction areas.
Regular EU political dialogue with Japan includes humanitarian assistance policies, and is strengthened by frequent exchanges with Japanese experts and senior representatives from the Japanese government, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management (ICHARM). The EU and Japan cooperate closely in the context of the Asia Europe Meeting (ASEM) process and the related ASEM meetings on disaster risk reduction and management. In June 2014, ASEM actors and a wide range of stakeholders in disaster risk reduction and management took part in the ASEM Manila Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction and Management which led to the adoption of the Post-Haiyan Tacoblan Declaration.
The European Union is working together with Japan on the Post 2015 Hyogo Framework for Action, a renewed international framework for disaster risk reduction adopted at the Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction hosted by Japan on 14-18 March 2015 in Sendai.
Specific provisions related to civil protection and humanitarian aid are included in the draft of the EU Japan Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA) presently under negotiation.