The EU and Israel have a long history of successful scientific and technological cooperation. The main programme in which Israel participates is the EU Research and Technological Development Framework Programme (FP). Since 1996, Israel has been the only non-European country associated to the Framework Programmes. In November 2013, the EU and Israel initialled an agreement on the association of Israel to Horizon 2020 – Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020). The agreement was signed on 8 June 2014. The agreement provides Israeli researchers, universities and companies with full access to the Horizon 2020 Programme. Israel will contribute to the Horizon 2020 budget. In addition, Israeli representatives participate as observers in the Horizon 2020 implementing committees and bodies.
Israel was very successful in the previous Framework Programme (FP7) and according to Israeli estimates received NIS 1.6 for each NIS 1 contributed to the programme's budget. As of October 2014, Israel had participated in 1,612 signed agreements involving 1,968 Israeli participations for which they received a total of EUR 875.08 million.
- Israeli participation in the Framework Programmes, other EU industrial R&D programmes as well as the bilateral European industrial research cooperation programmes is facilitated by ISERD, the Israel – Europe R&D Directorate
- The Israeli portal of EURAXESS – Researchers in Motion is hosted by the Israeli Ministry of Science and Technology and provides up-to-date information about research opportunities in Israel, funding resources, general information about Israel and practical information for researchers and their families.
The Joint Research Centre (JRC)
The European Commission's Joint Research Centre has a number of agreements with Israeli entities. These include agreements with Israeli companies working on subjects such as early warning systems in case of natural disasters. In 2012, a five year Memorandum of Understanding was signed with the Israel Ministry of Energy and Water Resources to deepen their scientific cooperation in the fields of energy, with a particular focus on clean energy, and water desalination.
There are a number of other EU and European programmes and instruments for scientific cooperation in which Israeli entities may participate:
The ENP Cross Border Cooperation Programme
This programme aims at reinforcing cooperation between Member States and partner countries along the external border of the European Union and is therefore open to the participation of Israeli entities. One of CBC's priorities includes support to innovation and research.
The Galileo (European Global Navigation Satellite System) Programme
In October 2013, Israel and the European Commission signed an Administrative Agreement which provides a framework for cooperation and develop communication on matters of common interest in the area of global satellite navigation.
The COST programme provides Israel's scientific community (researchers, SMEs, government representatives) with the opportunity to participate in Pan-European research networks known as COST Actions. In 2013, Israel participated in 240 Cost Actions through which Israeli researchers benefitted from EUR 650,000.
European Space Agency and Israel Space Agency
In January 2011, Israel signed a Cooperation Agreement with ESA according to which ESA experts together with their Israeli counterparts will jointly identify common areas of mutual interest, notably in the area of space science and exploration.