The Role of the EU Delegation

The European Union (EU) today is an area of stability, democracy and human rights. As the world's largest trading block and the largest donor of humanitarian and development assistance, the EU works with its international partners on global issues and challenges. The Delegation of the European Union in Eritrea is one of 130 Delegations around the globe, which represent the Union’s foreign, trade and security policy, and work as the eyes and ears of the Union and its mouthpiece vis-à-vis the authorities and the general population.

Eritrea is one of 54 countries where the Delegation of the European Union also is the permanent representation of the EU Council Presidency.

Apart from its functions as the representation of the Union, the EU Delegation is also responsible for the coordination of the European Union’s Development cooperation.

The delegations of the External Service serve European Union interests as a whole, in so far as they are concerned with:

  • presenting, explaining and implementing EU policy;
  • analysing and reporting on the policies and developments of the countries to which they are accredited; and
  • conducting negotiations in accordance with a given mandate.

This means that the delegations exercise powers, conferred by the Treaty on the European Union, in third countries and at five centres of international organisations (OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO, FAO), by promoting the Union’s interests as embodied in the common policies, notably the common trade policy, but also many others, including the development, agricultural, fisheries, environmental, transport and health and safety policies. It also means involvement in areas such as justice and home affairs, in which the European Union does not have exclusive powers.