The European Union conducted a European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) police mission in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, from April 2005 to June 2007. This mission played a key role in helping the Congolese National Police keep order during the DRC's transition to democracy, particularly during the electoral period in 2006.
The purpose of EUPOL KINSHASA, the first civilian European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) operation to be deployed in Africa, was to support the Congolese National Police's Integrated Police Unit (IPU) in Kinshasa - which was set up with the support of the EU - once it was up and running under Congolese command.
EU personnel were deployed within the IPU at different levels of the Congolese chain of command in order to monitor, mentor and advise their Congolese counterparts with the aim of ensuring that the IPU met international best practice.
The mission also ran a training programme for the IPU and helped advise on the reform and reorganisation of the Congolese National Police.
The mission numbered approximately 30 personnel and was headed by Superintendant Adilio Custodio. It was deployed at the request of the DRC authorities and in close coordination with the United Nations. It was mandated by the Council of the European Union in Council Joint Action 2004/847/CFSP of 9 December 2004 .
EUPOL KINSHASA was followed on 1 July 2007 by EUPOL RD CONGO, deployed to assist the DRC authorities with police reform.