The EU launched a military operation in support of the United Nations Organisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) during the election process (Operation EUFOR RD Congo).
On 25 April 2006, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1671 (2006), authorising the temporary deployment of a EU force to support MONUC during the period encompassing the elections in the DR Congo.
The military operation was conducted in full agreement with the authorities of the DRC and in close coordination with them and MONUC. This autonomous EU-led operation was conducted in the framework of the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP).
Operation EUFOR RD Congo was successfully concluded on 30 November 2006.
In 2003, the EU conducted the military operation "Artemis" in Bunia, Eastern DRC.