Association Agreement was signed in 2002 and entered into force on 1
September 2005. It replaces the 1976 Co-operation Agreements.
The Association Agreement has been concluded for an unlimited duration and
intends to help strengthen existing ties between the Community and Algeria by
establishing relations based on reciprocity and partnership. Respect for human
rights and democratic principles constitutes an essential element of the
The main components of the Agreement are as follows:
- regular political dialogue;
- a free trade area, to be established in stages, in accordance with WTO
rules, between the Community and Algeria, over a maximum period of 12
- the Agreement contains provisions related to free trade in goods in the
areas of liberalization of the provision of services, capital movements,
competition rules, intellectual property rights and public procurement;
- the objective of economic cooperation is to support Algeria's own efforts
to achieve sustainable economic and social development. The 1976 Cooperation
Agreements set out the main themes of action on economic cooperation:
industrial, scientific, technical and technological cooperation, environmental
protection, cooperation on fisheries, energy, promotion of regional cooperation
and boosting private investment. The Association Agreement strengthens this
type of cooperation. New themes have also being introduced: education and
training, standardization and conformity assessment, approximation of
legislation, financial services, agriculture, transport, telecommunications and
information technology, tourism and customs.
- the provisions concerning workers in the 1976 Cooperation Agreement are
maintained, notably those relating to non-discrimination in respect of
conditions of work, pay and dismissal and social security provision. In
addition to the above, the Association Agreement introduces social cooperation,
including cultural cooperation.
- with a view to achieving the Agreement's objectives, financial cooperation
is being be implemented for Algeria. This entails in particular modernizing the
Algerian economy, upgrading economic infrastructure, promoting private
investment and job-creating activity, taking into account the effects of the
gradual creation of a free trade area on the economy and flanking measures to
support social policy.
- the Agreement contains extensive provisions on cooperation in the field of
justice and home affairs, which is one of its most important features.
Institution-building and strengthening the rule of law are the cornerstones of
action in this field. On the subject of movement of persons, both parties have
agreed to examine ways of simplifying and speeding up procedures for issuing
visas to those contributing to the implementation of the Association Agreement.
Cooperation in the area of control and prevention of illegal immigration will
be given effect through the negotiation of readmission agreements. Cooperation
is also envisaged in the legal and judicial field and in the areas of organized
crime, terrorism, money-laundering, racism and xenophobia, drugs and drug
addiction and corruption.
- finally, the Agreement contains the standard general and institutional
provisions. The Association Council will meet at ministerial level once a year
where possible to discuss the major problems arising in the framework of the
Agreement and issues of mutual interest. An Association Committee will be set
up to manage the Agreement.